Analyzing the features of the best stethoscope for nurses

Nursing is a field that means care. When you as a nurse attend to a number of patients in a hospital or a medical care facility, there is a lot of responsibility on your shoulders for keeping everything safe and under control for the sake of patient’s safety and health. A nurse always has to care for the patients off and on in various wards and for a range of different patients having different troubles and health issues.

Due to many reasons, a nurse always has to keep a check on the patient’s condition so that the heart rate, temperature, and other physical conditions can be presented to the doctor for better diagnosis and treatment.

As a matter of fact, nurses make sure how well the patients will be treated by caring them and providing the accurate and reliable information most doctor’s needs.

You must have seen that when a nurse comes in a ward for regular checkups of the patients there is always a stethoscope, a thermometer and a notepad in hand. These are the things that are a must to have if you are a regular nurse in a busy hospital or a nursing home where you have to keep up with the patient’s records and update doctors all the time.

So what we are saying that without having a stethoscope a nurse may not be able to do the job because it is the only instrument that helps in checking and noticing the heart rate of patients showing how well they are doing and whether or not they need any medical assistance from them.

So, as a nurse who needs to offer the best of services, there is a sure need of having the best quality stethoscope that helps in performing the work that is required on a daily basis or we can say on a frequent basis if a nurse works in a busy hospital.

Here is what you should do if you are analyzing the features of a stethoscope of a list of stethoscopes to find the most suitable one for use:

Look for the overall quality

Looking at the stethoscope will give you an idea about the overall quality and manufacturing of the stethoscope. It may give you an idea of how sturdy and lasting it is and whether or not it will serve for a long time.

Analyze its components

Making sure that the stethoscope will work the way it is intended to do so is only possible when you have analyzed its components. It is possible to see by checking on its diaphragm, the searbuds, the tubing, and the overall sturdy connected structure.

You may check if the components are suspended in a strong way so that they would not break or fall apart. Most common yet quality stethoscopes are found to have stainless steel middle connector that connects the earbud with a sturdy rubber tube with the diaphragm.

The quality of the materials

You need to analyze if the rubber and the other material used in the making of the stethoscope is stain resistant and assure high quality and lasting performance no matter how much it is used.

Check the performance aspects

You may not get a chance to check out the stethoscope when you buy online, but you can get an idea by reading the users and customer reviews. Or when you receive it you can test it out for a few times to see if the instrument offers accurate performance or not. Make sure to check for the clarity of the sound and accuracy that can be achieved while using the stethoscope. Make sure you check out the size and easy set-in ear-bud for better use as well.

By analyzing all these aspects you can easily compare a few of the best options that are available online and may choose the one that suits your needs and duty requirements as a nurse. It is always better to look for the durable, well-designed and accurate performing stethoscope so that you are never disappointed how accurate readings you can obtain and can help get your patients better treatment and health through proper diagnosis.

Are pregnancy tests taken at night accurate?

For those who have long been waiting to have a baby, seeing the signs gives a ray of hope. The feeling of uncertainty remains until the pregnancy status is verified, however. Fortunately, you can easily determine if you are really pregnant with the help of the best pregnancy test kit available in the market today.

Once you have determined which is the best pregnancy test kit for you is, you will still need to consider many other things to ensure that you will get an accurate result, including the right time to take the test.

Now it’s already late in the evening and you just remembered that your period has been delayed for almost a week already. You’re on your way home, but you cannot disregard the urge to know if you are pregnant. Your excitement is building up and you just can’t seem to wait until the next day to have a pregnancy test.

Not only that your period has been delayed for days, but you are also experiencing many other signs of early pregnancy. If that is the case, then it may be time to take a home pregnancy test. But at that late in the evening? Will you have an accurate result if you do the test at night?

How do pregnancy tests work?

Home pregnancy tests detect the pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in your urine. This hormone is present in pregnant women only and quickly produces in the first few days of pregnancy. It starts to show up after the embryo implants into the uterine wall. This pregnancy hormone helps form the placenta and supports the development of your growing baby.

All home pregnancy test kits will require your first-morning urine. You will need to either collect the fluid in a cup and dip the test stick into your urine, place the stick in your urine midstream, or transfer the fluid onto the stick using a dropper.

Once the collected urine is set on the device, you will need to allow a few minutes (usually between 3-5 minutes) as the stick rests on a flat surface and you wait for the test result to show up on the device’ screen or display window. Most of these pregnancy test options come with a timer or counter which makes it easier for you to determine if the test stick is functioning well. Once your pregnancy status is determined, it will be displayed in one of these possible ways: a change in color, a line, or a symbol (plus or minus sign), the words YES/NO or the word “pregnant” or “not pregnant” depending on the type of test stick you used.

So, is it safe to take a home pregnancy test at night?

Going back to your major concern, the direct response to this question is, “No.” Even though most home pregnancy tests can detect a pregnancy status as early as 3-4 days before a missed period. For the most accurate results, doctors recommend waiting until one week after your missed period.

With regards to the most appropriate time to take the test, the result that you will yield at night will not be as reliable than if you have done the test in the morning. Note that the pregnancy hormone’s concentration in your urine is at its highest in the morning since it is at the time of the day when the concentration of your urine is also at its highest unless you have urinated in the middle of your sleep.

Another thing that urge you to consider doing the test is when you experience some pregnancy symptoms, such as the following:

  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Food aversions and/or cravings
  • Fatigue
  • Bleeding or cramping
  • Lightheadedness/headaches
  • Mood swings
  • Tender or swollen breasts
  • Frequent urination
  • Enhanced sense of smell

Just remember that you may get a false negative if you take the test too early in the pregnancy. A That means your test stick may indicate that you are not pregnant when in fact you really are pregnant.

This may happen when the amount or level of hCG in your urine is not enough to be detectable. If this happens and you still think and feel that you’re pregnant, you can wait 5-7 days before taking another test.

Again, you have to remember that hCG is more detectable at certain times of the day. Experts indicate that it is in your first-morning urine that this hormone is easily detected. Thus, a test done first thing in the morning will always give you the most accurate results.

In case you took the test at night and you are not satisfied with the result, you can just repeat the test in the morning or after a few more days for a better reading of the hCG level in your urine.

Blood Test As Pregnancy Test

Blood tests can also determine your pregnancy status. This method also relies on the level of hCG hormone present in your blood. This method can detect a pregnancy sooner (about 7-12 days from conception), however.

A blood test will give you the same result no matter what time of day you have it. This option is a bit costly, however. It also has to be done at a doctor’s clinic and will also take longer to know the results compared to OTC pregnancy test options.

If you are fortunate enough to get a positive result even on the first test, congratulations. You are on your way to becoming a certified momma. Remember, however, that you will still need to visit your OB-Gyne for a better diagnosis of your condition and for proper natal care if necessary.

Have you considered or have taken a home pregnancy test at night? What happened? Did you get a reliable result? Are there any tips that you may want to share with us? Share your thoughts n the comments section below and don’t forget to share this post with your friends who are trying to have a baby.

Top Workout Tips

Your fitness journey will be a lot more beneficial if you understand how to best maximize your efforts. Having a bit of education can help you to reach future success. Consider these top workout tips to help you achieve better results with your efforts in no time.

It may be too daunting at first, but once you get the hang of it, it will definitely be an enjoyable activity you’d be looking forward to week after week. To be successful with your fitness goals, you need to have a good start. Don’t go unprepared and suffer the consequences. Getting started doing the right practices will result in good habits. You’ll definitely find the next steps much easier than you have ever imagined. You don’t have to struggle to achieve your goal of attaining a well-toned physique that won’t just give you an assurance of an illness-free body, but also one that you won’t be ashamed to have.

It’s easy to make your first steps certain to give you cause for hope and confidence. Having a good understanding of how you can progress right away will help you avoid feeling lost at the start of your fitness journey.

Beginner workout tips

Beginner workout tips

Here are the must-read beginner workout tips that can help you to reach an early success on your health and fitness goal.

Set a realistic goal

Once you have decided to exercise on a regular basis, create a plan and set realistic and achievable goals. After a few successful attempts to reach your goals, you can begin to increase the level of difficulty of your routines.

Make fitness a lifelong habit

You can’t tone or build your muscles with a single visit to the gym. You won’t see and experience any positive changes even in your mind if you’d plan to go to the gym only once. You need to make it a habit to go to the gym.

Though you may find it so difficult to squeeze time in the gym to your already filled schedule. However, you have to keep in mind that you will need to be working out about 3 to 4 times each week for at least a month to see some of the changes that you want to see.

You’ll need to devote about three to four weeks to form a habit. Doing things daily will reinforce the thoughts and the action to easily build that habit. It will be difficult to lock in activities that you do for a couple of times within the week, much more doing after longer intervals. Your routine does not have to be complicated at first. To keep your body and your mind be looking forward to the next scheduled gym visit, you will need to make sure that you’ll use less complicated exercises at first. You’ll soon find your body getting used to it and your mind looking forward to having the routines done at the expected time of the day.

You know that you have already formed a fitness habit when you feel that missing or skipping a gym or exercise session irritating.

Relax your muscles

Keeping them tense will not do you any good. If you are a beginner, it’s easy to understand why you tense up while you are exercising. Doing so means wasting more energy that you should. As a result, you’ll get tired easily and may even decide to cut short your routine just get out of the stressful situation. Remember to ease those muscles that you are not using and focus on those that you are working on at the moment to maximize the benefits of your efforts and reserve those unused energies for longer or more complicated movements.

Breathe well

To improve your performance, you’ll also need to focus on your breathing. Poor breathing can affect not only your performance but also yourself. You will need to breathe deeply during the rest portions of your exercise and exhale forcefully during the work phase of your routine. Holding your breath, breathing too fast, too slow, too deep, or too shallow, even inhaling or exhaling at the wrong times can affect the quality of your performance, so make sure that you breathe properly to maximize the benefits of your exercises.

Hydrate

If you have already started with your warm-up routine, your tendency is to follow through with your planned exercise phases. Thinking of what you need to finish while on the gym floor may actually cause you to forget to get your fill of the much-needed water. You may only be forced to reach out for your water bottle when you are already thirsty. Some will just disregard the signal and proceed until they cannot move comfortably anymore, are feeling dizzy, or experiencing the signs of moderate dehydration. Remember that once you feel that you are already thirsty your body has already lost about 2 to 3 percent of its body fluids.

Making sure that you bring one of the best water bottles for gym will encourage you to drink more often. Take note that you will need to top up at regular intervals, even if you are not thirsty. This will ensure that you get your feel of the needed fluids that will fuel your body and allow you to maximize the results of your performance.

As you will also be losing electrolytes which you release in the form of energy that you use to do your exercise routine, you will also need to bring food and or drinks that will provide proper hydration to your body.

Don’t forget the essentials

You may get too excited about going to the gym that you’ll forget some of the things that you need to use throughout your stay in the gym, including your lip balm, wipes, towel, extra shirt, deodorant, and so on. Make sure you’ll enjoy the whole sweat session without the unnecessary shameful moments.

Exercise with a buddy

Any activity will be a lot enjoyable when you are doing the routine with another person. If you can tag a friend, it will be a lot more interesting to do and it will be easier to create a check and balance in everything that both of you are doing while on the gym floor.

Don’t be ashamed to ask questions

No one knows the answer to every question. Every person you will see inside the gym would have probably experienced the same thing. Don’t expect that they will go to you to tell you everything that you need to know either. When you start asking questions from someone else who have “been there and done that,” it will be easy for you to create new bonds as you learn from them as well.

Conclusion

Take it slow. It will take a while before you can finally get used to your routines and all these things. Once you have finally learned to do all of them, you’ll be reaping the most benefits from your exercises.

Ways To Keep Your Child Properly Hydrated

Children are usually active and stay most of the time outside to play, especially when the weather is clement. Even when the activities that they engage in are quite intense and makes them sweat a lot, they would rather spend their time with friends in the sun. Teaching them the value of proper hydration and encouraging them to bring one of the best water bottles for kids will make it easier for them to follow a systematic hydration plan.

If you are a parent of children or a child, you should understand, however, that active children’s body does not adjust well to hot temperatures (temperatures greater than 95°F), unlike adults. They produce more heat when engaging in physical activities but sweat less than adults. As a result, body heat is not released as much as it should leading to dehydration.

Aside from this, a child’s thirst mechanism is not properly functioning, hence they may not recognize the signal properly. Most of the time, they take a thirst for hunger. There are times when children totally ignore the signal, especially when they are totally focused on what they are doing. As they don’t drink enough to replace the body fluids they lose during prolonged activity as they are having fun, they become dehydrated in the process or develop other potentially life-threatening heat illnesses. As such, they will need someone to look after them or constantly remind them that they need to drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated throughout the day.

To encourage your child to stay properly hydrated as they are playing outdoors, consider these tips:

Make sure that you are totally aware of the physical condition of your child. Remember that a child who is physically fit may not adjust well in the heat. Note that an overweight child or one that is not used to doing exercises should be forced to engage in prolonged activities right away. They need to start slow or they may lose body water and get dehydrated faster. Dehydration of more than 3% of body weight may lead to a heat-related illness. If  your child is participating in organized sports, you may need to talk with her or his coach to set practice schedules during cooler hours, when the child can perform best but will lose less water in the process.

Allow your child’s body to get used to the higher temperature. Do this slowly, however. Introduce your young athlete to higher temperatures so the child can get acclimatized soon. Increase the intensity and length of workouts a period of two weeks. This way their bodies will be accustomed to drink more, increase blood volume, and sweat more. Sweating not only releases toxins in the body, but it also helps release heat to maintain the temperature balance in the body.

As you train your child’s body to get acclimatized to higher environmental heat, you need to make sure that they get plenty of water to drink. Teach them the value of safe hydration, which means drinking regularly and not only when they feel that they are thirsty. Encourage them to bring a water bottle wherever they go so they can just sip smartly. They should not be encouraged to just wait for a break when they can look for a water source or a vending machine where they can find what they think can quench their thirst. If you already know what’s in their water bottle, you won’t have to worry whether they are drinking safe water or something else. Note that while sports drinks may be fine for some kids during periods of heavy activity, these water alternatives may also contain high levels of sugar. Their taste can also improve a kids’ desire to drink, but they should be provided during exercises only.

You also need that your child takes frequent breaks, especially if he or she exercises hard or engages in sports on hot days. Make sure that their time on the playing field is cut back to limit their exposure to the heat and to allow them to enjoy much-needed breaks. They should also be taught that hydration starts even before they begin to play. And as they play, both the child’s coach and you, the parent or guardian, should make sure that your child drink often. You can help them set automatic notifications on their phones or watches to remind them to take a sip after about every 20 minutes.

Note that although there are certain factors that may affect a child’s water requirement such as age, sex, environmental conditions, as well as possible psychological influences (taste and color of the available fluid, distance from the water source, etc.). However, there is a general recommendation that health organizations, like the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, that indicate the following beverage and water requirement for kids, as follows:

Age Range         Gender                 Total Water (Cups/Day)

4 to 8 years        Girls and Boys                      7

9 to 13 years      Girls                                     9

Boys                                   10

14 to 18 years     Girls                                   10

Boys                                   14

You should also make yourself regularly notified of changing weather conditions so you can plan accordingly. Get acquainted with the heat index. This is a measure of how hot it really feels when the actual air temperature in combination with humidity. Take note that your child should not be training, exercising, or engaged in any prolonged activity when the relative humidity is 35% and the air temperature is 95°F as this may lead to cause heat illness. Even if the climate is dry humidity can still be high if, for instance, the sprinkler systems are set to run before early morning practices. Make sure that you won’t let your child have practices or training sessions during the hottest time of the day. The hardest workouts should be set during early morning or late afternoon/evening.

As the clothes that your child may wear during these activities may also affect how the child’s body may respond to environmental heat, you need to make sure that they wear appropriate clothes. Encourage them to wear lightweight, light-colored clothes. If they will need to use heavy equipment and pads, they should first train in lighter clothes for a week to acclimate their bodies, before they put on the bulky uniform.

Conclusion

Make sure that you watch your kids closely, in cases that you are allowed to or can do so. Watch out for any signs of dehydration or other problems before, during, and after the activity, event or training. Pay special attention when your kid/kids is/are eagerly competing or performing beyond his/their capacities.

Finally, always have an emergency plan. Make sure that not only you are aware of these safety precautions. Make sure that you communicate with all trained support staff who knows how to administer first aid as well as what to do during an emergency.

Things to Remember When Hiking in Hot Weather

Nature and everything outside the boundaries of the house or the office are things that an avid outdoor person would always want to be near to. Even if the road is not as pleasant as it may be, or the weather is not as fair as one would rather have, those who look for adventure will always find reasons to go out and explore the outdoors. It will naturally be exhausting and you would just want to have a sip from one of the best water bottles for hiking every now and then.

Fortunately, even if it‘s scorching hot outside, you can always go out for a hike. If you follow the following tips, you’ll know for sure that you will have all the benefits that going for a hike provides. Just be careful, plan ahead, and follow the guidelines below for that remarkable day out in the sun.

Hike when the weather is favorable

Don’t just assume that the trail will be as smooth as you have wanted it to be. Even before you consider to go for a hike, make sure that you are certain of what the day’s weather will bring to you. Don’t just trust your feelings or the sky and the color of the clouds. You need to be certain that the place where you are heading will be safe or that there is no storm or heavy rains expected to pour by the time you reach your destination.

Checking the weather forecast may spare you of any unnecessary troubles. Remember that mountainous destinations often times have their own unpredictable weather. Blitz storms or thunderstorms can also be potential hazards to an unaware hiker. So, check the weather forecast before you head out and once you arrive at your destination or the park.

Opt for a safe trail

Even the most experienced hikers are not spared by treacherous trails, so make sure that you choose your trail wisely. Whether you will be hiking on a hot weather or otherwise, you will need to choose for a trail that runs along or crosses a running water. You can freshen up or cool down and refill your water bottle with some of the water from the water from the river or any nearby water source.

Exposed mountain ridges or a shady forest may present dangers that you should be prepared. For your first few hikes, you need to make sure that you opt for the safest routes. Pick one where there are few shaded regions.

You should also consider a trail at a lower elevation. Note that the amount of oxygen is indirectly proportional to the surface elevation. There is also a greater chance that you will get sunburned easily at higher elevation the effect of UV rays will be stronger there.

Start early morning or late in the afternoon or evening

Hiking when the weather is too hot is quite inconvenient. If you would still want to explore and maximize your accomplishment for the day, it is best that you start early in the morning or late in the afternoon or evening. Instead of continuing on with the hike, spend the midday, between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m., to enjoy the surrounding natural beauty, take some rest, and recharge.

Dress appropriately

The hot weather may want you to think that it is better to strip. However, as the route that you will take may have so many surprises to bring (weeds, mosquitoes and other insects, slippery mountainsides, rocky plateau, uphills and downhills, and so on), you may need to dress otherwise. Loose fitting tops, like long sleeve shirts paired with hiking pants, is a better option for you.

Dressing a few layers will provide multiple air layers that will also keep you cool. You can also opt to wear synthetic clothes that absorb or draw off moisture. This will help prevent more moisture (from your sweat..yes, you’ll definitely sweat a lot!) clinging on your skin and prevent chafing.

It is recommended that you wear a large hiking hat, plenty of sunscreens that provides full-spectrum protection, as well as a pair of UV-blocking sunglasses.

Stay properly hydrated

We are all aware of the necessity of proper hydration, especially when you are hiking in a weather. Your body will lose more body water when you are hiking. And if you are hiking when the weather is quite hot, then the amount of water that you will lose will definitely be more. Make sure you hydrate even before you step out for a hike at remain properly hydrated throughout your hike.

Needless to say, you will need one of the best water bottles for hiking as this will provide much of the fluid that you will need while on the trail. It is also best that you much some energy bars and other high water content foods.

Replace lost electrolytes

When you do strenuous activities like hiking, you continuously lose not just body water but e electrolytes (potassium, sodium, and so on) as well. Snacks with complex carbs will easily restore these electrolytes and keep you going longer.

Bring all the extras that you may need along the way

Bring an extra pair of hiking socks, upper garments, extra sunscreen, insect repellant, and any other extras that you can stuff on your backpack. Just make sure that your backpack will still be light or you’ll get exhausted easier since you’d be carrying that heavy luggage throughout the hike. For sure you will sweat a lot and changing those dirty socks and tops will really be a relief. If there’s a river along the path, you may want to rinse your dirty socks in it. Then, tie them to your backpack to dry.

Take regular breaks

You will need to give your body the much-needed rest after you have walked long enough. Take some time to cool down and let your sweat evaporate.

Be aware of signs of dehydration and heat strokes

Hiking in hot weather will not always be 100% successful. You need to make sure that your body is at its best throughout your hike. However, there are times that you may just forget about the basics like proper hydration and lead to serious conditions like dehydration or heat strokes.

Take note of the cues that your body is sending. If you feel any of these symptoms, find the nearest shade to cool down and hydrate. Nausea, muscle cramps, bad headache, dizziness, confusion, disorientation, and lack of sweating, even when temperatures are high.

If you or anyone with you feel any of these symptoms, get off the trail immediately and seek medical assistance.

If you want to have a successful hiking experience, you need to plan ahead, be ready, and follow these guidelines. Do you have other tips to share? Perhaps share your hiking experience in the comment section below.